Anatomy

Choose 4 of the following 6 questions to answer in detail. Your answer should be approximately one page in length for each question.
Critical Thinking Questions
1. A patient is diagnosed as having the following clinical symptoms: swollen joints, pain and tenderness in the joints, and some joint immobility. What is the probable disorder? Since no bone spurs have formed, what disorder could be ruled out? What condition is suspected if the patient has an excessive buildup of uric acid in the blood? A patient with symptoms of swollen joints, pain and tenderness in the joints, and some joint immobility probably has rheumatoid arthritis. Since no bone spurs have formed, osteoarthritis can be ruled out. If the patient has an excessive buildup of uric acid in the blood, then gouty arthritis is probably present.2. An exercise instructor and an anatomy instructor got together and decided to test their students together. The test question required the students to describe exercise activities that include each of the different synovial joint movements. What exercises would demonstrate or include each of the synovial joint movements? Pronation and supination: Holding a dumbbell in your hand, with elbow bent 90o and palm up, roll the forearm to a palm down position. Return to starting position.
Rotation: Turn head from side to side as far as you can.
Flexion and extension: Hold a dumbbell in one hand. Raise and lower the dumbbell by bending and straightening the elbow.
Hyperextension: Roll the head back as far as it will go. (This is not recommended due to the possibility of injury to cervical nerves.) A better exercise would be to let the arm hang straight at the shoulder. Slowly swing the arm posteriorly to achieve hyperextension.
Lateral flexion: Side Bend – Stand with feet parallel and slowly bend to one side while you reach down to the floor.
Abduction and adduction: Leg rises to side – Stand erect. Slowly raise one leg to the side (laterally) and then…