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“The No Child Left Behind Act” is the most recent reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965. This law holds the states as well as the schools accountable for the academic achievements of the students as funds are being supplied to the states for this purpose. This law requires quality teaching by highly qualified teachers and yearly assessment of student progress in English, mathematics and science skills. The progress of the students needs to be reported in terms of percentage of students scoring at the ‘proficient’ or higher level. Different subgroups categories need also report the progress annually. A standardized test method has been chosen in each state and based on the scores in that test the performance level of the students and their schools is judged. This law acquired huge range of controversy since its implementation. Some advocates its effectiveness in ensuring equalization in the system of education and a certain level of proficiency in all students. They argue that schools must be accountable for the performance of their students. But the law has several loopholes, which provoke the schools to get involved in some kinds of malpractice. The future of students may also be affected by more and more degradation in the education standard in different states in order to achieve higher test score. Its implication on the students’ academic achievements is also the matter of concern. Thus it can be said that this law is sometimes doing more harm than good to the education system. The present study focuses on these aspects of the law. President George W. Bush signed “The No Child Left Behind Act” in 2001. It is one of the most controversial Federal Laws of United…